Long walk to freedom practice question answer ( Lesson -2) introduction All of you students are welcome in this post, through this post, all the important exam related topics and the summary of the lesson have been explained in detail to all of you students, which is very important from the point of view of examination, so this post Must read-
Long walk to freedom practice question answer ( Lesson -2)
Long Walk to Freedom, You are welcome to all the students in the class 10 English book First Flight’s chapters called Long Walk to Freedom, author Nelson Mandela, as many short answer questions, short answers questions, long answers questions and exams in this lesson. All the questions that are useful, you will get the solution to study in this blog, so all the students studying in class 10 are requested to read this blog full and get a good number in the upcoming exams, thank you So let’s start
Long Walk to Freedom ,क्लास 10वीं के इंग्लिश पुस्तक फर्स्ट फ्लाइट के चैप्टर्स दो जिसका नाम है लोंग वॉक टू फ्रीडम जिसके रचयिता नेल्सन मंडेला है, में आप तमाम विद्यार्थियों का स्वागत है, इस पाठ में जितने भी अति लघु उत्तरीय प्रश्न, लघु उत्तरीय प्रश्न, दीर्घ उत्तरीय प्रश्न तथा परीक्षा उपयोगी जितने भी प्रश्न है, उन सभी प्रश्नों का हल इस ब्लॉग में आपको अध्ययन करने को मिलेगा, इसलिए क्लास 10 में पढ़ रहे सभी विद्यार्थियों से अनुरोध है, कि वह इस ब्लॉग को पूरा पढ़ें और आने वाले आगामी परीक्षाओं में अच्छा नंबर लाएं, धन्यवाद तो चलिए शुरू करते हैं
Long Walk to Freedom(आज़ादी की लंबी यात्रा) Questions (1)
(a) Why had the author been surrounded by the world leaders ?
(b) Where was the inauguration taking place ?
(c ) What was it for ?
(d) What was the author to be in the new govt. ?
(e ) Find a word from the passage which means ‘surrounded’
(a) He had been surrounded by them. They were there to pay respects on his becoming the President
(b) It was taking place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre. It was formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria.
(e) It was for installing the new govt. of non-racial people.
(d) He was to be the President.
le) It is besieged’
(a) Why was there such a display of jets, helicopters, troop carriers ete?
(b) What did the highest generals do?
(c) What could they have done to the author earlier ?
(D) What do the smoke marks of Impala jets indicate?
(e) Find a word from the passage which means ‘decorated with’.
(a) It was there to celebrate the installation of a new govt. in South Africa.
(6) They saluted the author as the new President to be sworn in.
(e) They could have arrested him.
(d) It symbolised the new national flag of South Africa.
Long Walk to Freedom Questions (3)
(a) What is that profound hurt
(6) What was the other effect’ of decades of oppression?
(c) How does the author look at the persons mentioned here? (V. Imp.)
(D) How does he see his people?
(E)Find a word from nearby, which means – with a big heart ‘.
(a) It is the ‘wound’ caused by the policy of apartheid.
(b) It produced great men of character. They were like Oliver Tambo, Walter Sisulus, Chief Luthulis ete.
(e) He looks at them as men of extraordinary courage, wisdom and generosity.
(D) He sees them finer and trembling than the diamonds of his country,
Nelson Mandela Questions (4)
(a) Where can a man fulfil his twin obligations
(b) Why was it impossible to fulfil these obligations in South Africa ? (V. Imp.)
(e) How were people treated in South Africa who tried to live as human beings? (imp.)
(d) How did the author look at his people in the beginning?
(e) Find out a word from the passage which means ‘natural likes or dislikes’.
(a) He can fulfil these in a civil and humane society.
(b) It was because such people could not fulfil these due to harsh conditions for them.
(e) They were punished and isolated.
(d) He did not place his people above his family in the beginning.
Long Walk to Freedom Questions (5)
(a) When did the author join the African National Congress
(b) What kind of freedom did the author want for his people ? (V. Im)
(e) How did he look at life before he becam kind of a monk? (V. Im)
(d) Why couldn’t he enjoy his freedoms?
(e) Find a word from the passage which means ‘changed’.
(a) When he saw that freedom was taken from him.
(b) It was the freedom to live life with dignity and self-respect.
(c) He loved it very much.
(d) He couldn’t enjoy his freedoms. It was because he saw that his own people were free.
Long walk to freedom practice question answer ( Lesson -2)
Long Walk to Freedom Oral Comprehension 1
1. Where did the ceremonies take place ? Can you name any public building in India that is made of sandstone?
2. Can you say how ‘autumn’ is the day of May 10 in South Africa?
3. At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions an extraordinary humanitarian disaster. What does he mean by this ? What is the ‘magnificent … human achievement’ that he speaks at the end?
4. What did Mandela thank the international leaders for? (V. Imp.)
5. What ideals did Nelson Mandela set for the future of South Africa?
1. The ceremony took place in the beloved sandstone amphitheater. It was formed by Union Buildings in Pretoria. The Red Fort, Jama Masjid, North and South Blocks, Parliament House are all made of sandstone.
2. 10 May is symbolically an autumn day. It is so due to its weather. It is also due to the coming of freedom after 300 years from the white rule.
3. By this he means the white rule in South Africa over the blacks. It lasted very long. It was indeed a disaster of the whites ruling the black people. “Glorious … human achievement is getting political freedom from white rule by black natives.
4. He thanks the international leaders for coming to take possession with the natives of South Africa. It is a general victory for justice, for peace, and for human dignity.
5. He sets out the ideals of liberating his people from various bondages. These are of poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender and other discrimination.
- यदि आप क्लास 10th के किसी भी विषय को पाठ वाइज (Lesson Wise) अध्ययन करना या देखना चाहते है, तो यहाँ पर क्लिक करें उसके बाद आप क्लास X के कोई भी विषय का अपने पसंद के अनुसार पाठ select करके अध्ययन कर सकते है ।
Long Walk to Freedom Oral Comprehension 2
1. What do the military generals do ? How has their attitude changed, and why?
2. Why were two national anthems sung?
3. How the author Mandela describes the systems of government in his country.
(i) In the first decade, and
(ii) in the late twentieth century??
4. What does courage mean to Mandela ? (V. Imp.)
5. What does he think it is natural to love or hate?
1. The military generals discharge their duties. They owe allegiance to their country. They do their duties. These are as per the military provisions. Their attitude has now changed. They care more for personal gain than their actual duties according to defense rules.
2. Two national anthems were sung as there were two main communities or races. One was of the whites. The other was of the blacks. Secondly, the people’s anthem was the song of the old republic.
3. (i) In the first decade of the twentieth century the whites of South Africa patched up their differences. They built a system of racial domination. It was against the dark- skinned people of their own land
(ii) Their system was overturned in the last decade. It was replaced by another. It recognized the rights and freedoms of all people. It was regardless of their skin and colour.
4. By courage Mandela means not the absence of fear but the triumph over it.
5. He thinks that love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite hate.
Long Walk to Freedom Oral Comprehension 3
1. What twin obligations’ does Mandela mention ? (Jharkhand 2011 A)
2. What did Mandela mean by being independent as a boy and as a student? How does he contrast these fleeting freedoms with ‘basic and dignified freedoms’?
3. Does Mandela feel that the tyrannical is independent? Why/Why not?
1. He mentions the twin obligations. One, the obligation towards his family, his parents, his wife and children. This is his family at personal level as a man. Second, the obligations to his people, his community and his country. These obligations are for the country.
2. As a boy Mandela meant by it to wander in the fields near his hut.Had to swim, run from the village. It was to roast mealies at night. Also it was to ride the bulls. As a student he meant by it to be free to stay out at night. It was to read what he was happy to read and where he chose to go. These were the transitory freedoms’. But the ‘basic and honourable freedoms’ were the
freedoms for the people. They were to live with honor and self-respect.
3. Mandela thinks that the oppressor is not free like the oppressed. A person who takes away another person’s freedom is a prisoner of hatred. He is locked in prejudice and nar- row-mindedness.
Long Walk to Freedom THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT
1. Why did such numerous international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of ?
2. That is the sum of all the African patriots who went before him. What does Mandela mean to say?
3. So what does Mandela mean by saying that he is the sum of all the African patriots who went before him? How does Mandela illustrate this ? Can you add an example to this argument?
4. How has Mandela’s understanding of freedom changed with age and experience?
5. Mandela’s hunger for freedom changed his life? how (V. Imp.)
1. A large number of international leaders attended the inauguration. They were there to pay their respects. It signified the victory of human freedom and democracy. It also signified the importance of political independence.
2. By this Mandela means that like those patriots he also felt for the country’s freedom. Like them he also underwent tortures. The whites in his own country tortured them.
3. The more one is oppressed, the more one becomes strong in character. Mandela says decades of persecution and cruelty has caused many patriots. They were Oliver Tambos, Walter Sisulus, Chief Luthulis, Joseph Dedos, etc. More examples from my own side are here. These are of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Lokmanya Tilak, Subhash Chander Bose, Bhagat Singh etc.
4. First Mandela thought of personal freedom. It was like doing what one liked. But as he grew up he began to consider freedom inseparable. It was also of his own men.He thought of independence as more important than anything for all his people.
5. Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ changed him into a great man. He became a statesman and a visionary. He worked day and night for it. He underwent physical and mental tortures for getting freedom for his own people.
LONG WALK TO FREEDOM :NELSON MANDELA SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (Word limit: 30-40 words)
Q. 1. Where did the ceremony of oath-taking by Nelson Mandela take place ? Describe it.
Ans. At last Nelson Mandela was to be sworn in as the first black President. The ceremony of oath-taking took place in the amphitheatre. It is designed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria. Many world leaders were there to pay their respects. It was an honourable ceremony.
Q. 2. What future of the country of South Africa does Nelson Mandela see in his oath-taking
speech ? (V. Imp.)
Ans. In his address Nelson Mandela sees a bright future of the country. He promises that the country shall never experience the oppression. It shall progress and progress further. The sun shall never set on its freedom. Freedom shall rule. All people shall be free
Q. 3. What does Nelson Mandela think of African patriots and themselves ?
Ans. The author combines himself with all the African patriots. They fought for the country’s freedom. They suffered and made sacrifices. He is pained that he is not able to thank them. They couldn’t see what their sacrifices had brought.
Q. 4. How did the author learn the meaning of courage ?
Ans. The author learnt the meaning of courage from his comrades. They fought in the struggle for the country’s freedom. They stood up to attacks and torture without breaking. They showed a strength. It defied the imagination.
Q 5. When Nelson Mandela and go viewed glimmer of humanity ? What is this ‘ray of humanity’?
Ans. The author saw this ray of humanity in prison. His comrades were pushed with their back to the walls. It was in one of the guards just for a second. This ray of humanity is man’s goodness. It is a flame. It can’t be put out.
Q6. What problem did he initially face in keeping his people above his family?
Ans. The author faced many problems. In the beginning he tried to serve his people. But he found that he was prevented from fulfilling his obligations. These spread over many relations. These were as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.
Q7. Who bolted Nelson Mandela as a young man? (V. Imp.)
Ans. The author wanted freedom for his country. It changed him into a bold one.It was the freedom to live one’s life with dignity. He was now without a home. He could not enjoy the limited freedom. He wanted to do what was good.
Q. 8. What does the author say of the oppressor and the oppressed ? (V. Imp.)
Ans. The author says that a man who takes away another man’s freedom is a prisoner of hatred. He is locked in prejudice and narrow-mindedness. He is not truly free if he is taking someone else’s freedom. The oppressed and the exploited are robbed of humanity.
Long Walk to Freedom LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (Word limit : 80 words)
Q. 1. The author says that on the day of the inauguration, he was overwhelmed with a sense of history. What did he think of the first and last decades of the century? (V. Imp.)
Ans. The author’s mind went to history. In the first decade, the South Africa’s white rulers patched up their differences. They built a system of racial domination against the blacks of their own land. This became the basis of the harshest, cruel and inhumane societies of the world. People were repressed cruelly. In the last decade of this century such a cruel system
was overturned forever. It was replaced by another system. It recognised the rights and free doms of all people. It was regardless of the colour of their skin.
लेखक का मन इतिहास में गया। उसने महसूस किया कि पहले दशक में दक्षिणी अफ्रीका के शासन करने वाले गोरे व्यक्तियाँ ने अपने भेद-भाव समाप्त कर लिए थे। उन्होंने अपनी ही भूमि पर काले व्यक्तियों के विरुद्ध जातीय भेदभाव की व्यवस्था बना ली थी। यह संसार की कठोरतम, निर्दयी और अमानवीय समाजों का आधार बन गया था। व्यक्तियों को निर्दयता से दबाया जाता था। इस शताब्दी के अन्तिम दशक में ऐसी निर्दयी व्यवस्था को हमेशा के लिए समाप्त कर दिया था। इसके स्थान पर दूसरी व्यवस्था आ गई। इसने उनके अधिकारों और स्वतन्त्रताओं को पहचान लिया था। यह बिना उनकी त्वचा के रंग की तरफ ध्यान न देने के कारण था।
Q. 2 What does Nelson Mandela think of the black people who fought for the country’s political freedom? (V. Imp.)
Ans. For the author country’s political freedom is due to the sacrifices of his own people, These can’t be repaid. He thinks himself the sum of all those African patriots. Mandela regrets that he could not thank them. Nelson Mandela says that the policy of apartheid left many people injured. It would take centuries to heal. But decades of oppression and brutality produced
great freedom fighters. They were Oliver Tambo, Walter Sisulus, Luthulis, Dedos, Fisher, Shukukul etc. He was a man of courage, intelligence and big heart. They suffered great sufferings for country’s independence.
लेखक के लिए देश की राजनैतिक स्वतन्त्रता उसके अपने हजारों व्यक्तियों की कुर्बानियों के कारण है। इनका बदला नहीं चुकाया जा सकता। वह स्वयं को उन सभी अफ्रीकी देशभक्तों का निचोड़ मानता है। उसे दु:ख है कि वह उनका धन्यवाद नहीं करने के योग्य होगा। वह कहता है कि रंगभेद को नीति ने व्यक्तियों को अत्यधिक घायल कर दिया है। घाव को ठीक होने में शताब्दियाँ लगेंगी। परन्तु अत्याचार और निर्दयता के दशकों ने स्वतन्त्रता सेनानियों को उत्पन्न किया था। ये थे ओलिवर ताम्बो, वाल्टर सिसुलस, लुथुलिस डाडूस, फिशर, सोबुक्वे आदि। वे उत्साह. बुद्धिमत्ता और उदारता के व्यक्ति थे। उन्होंने देश की स्वतन्त्रता के लिए अत्यधिक कष्ट उठाए।
Q 3. What does Mandela tell people about courage, love and hate? (V. Imp.)
Ans. Nelson Mandela says that he learned the meaning of courage from the comrades. They were of the freedom struggle. They risked their lives for an idea. That courage does not mean absence of fear but victory over it. The brave man is one who conquers fear, He says that no man is born with hatred for others. It is due to skin colour or religion. Love comes more naturally to the human heart. He saw humanity in the prison guards. It was for a second. But it made him go ahead for freedom. Both the victim and the victim are prisoners of hate. They take away each other’s freedom.
नैलसन मण्डेला कहता है कि उसने अपने साथियों से उत्साह का अर्थ सीखा। ये स्वतन्त्रता संघर्ष के थे। उन्होंने एक विचार के लिए अपने जीवन को खतरों में डाल दिया। वह उत्साह को डर को अनुपस्थिति नहीं बल्कि इसके ऊपर विजय को मानता है। बहादुर व्यक्ति वह है जो भय को जीत लेता है। वह कहता है कि कोई भी व्यक्ति दूसरों के प्रति घृणा के साथ उत्पन्न नहीं होता। यह त्वचा के रंग और धर्म के कारण होती है। प्यार मानव दिल में प्राकृतिक रूप में आता है। उसने रक्षकों के दिलों में मानवता देखी। यह एक सैकण्ड के लिये थी। परन्तु इसने उसे स्वतन्त्रता के लिये आगे बढ़ाया। अत्याचारी और अत्याचार सहन करने वाले दोनों ही घृणा कैदी हैं। वे एक दूसरे की स्वतन्त्रता ले लेते हैं।
Q. 4. What two obligations is the author talking about? What does he feel of them? (V. Imp.)
Ans. The author says that every man has twin obligations. An obligation to his family, his parents, his wife and children. The second is to his own people, his community and his country. In a civil and humane society, a man should fulfil these obligations. But it was impossible to do so in South Africa. A man who tried to live like a human being was punished. He was isolated from his family and home. The author did not put people above his family. He tried to serve them. But he was prevented to fulfil his twin obligations.
लेखक कहता है कि हरेक व्यक्ति के दो कर्तव्य है। एक कर्त्तव्य है उसके परिवार, माता-पिता, उसकी पत्नी और बच्चों के प्रति। दूसरा उसके अपने व्यक्तियों, अपने समाज और अपने देश के प्रति है। एक सभ्य और मानवता से भरपूर समाज में एक व्यक्ति को इन कर्तव्यों का पालन करना चाहिए। परन्तु दक्षिणी अफ्रीका में ऐसा करना असम्भव था। एक व्यक्ति जो एक मानव की तरह रहने की कोशिश करता था उसे सजा दी जाती थी। उसे उसके परिवार और घर से अलग कर दिया जाता था। लेखक ने व्यक्तियों को अपने परिवार से ऊपर नहीं माना था। उसने उनकी सेवा करने का प्रयत्न किया। परन्तु उसे अपने दोनों कर्तव्यों को पूरा करने के लिए रोका गया।
Q. 5. When did the author hunger for freedom? What is Nelson Mandela’s views about freedom, oppression and the oppressed ? (Jharkhand 2009S) (V. Imp.)
Ans. Freedom was reduced from the author. He felt much for it. He saw that his brothers and sisters were not free. He joined the African National Congress. His hunger for freedom became greater for the freedom of his people. It was the desire to live with dignity and self- respect. It made him into a bold man. Chains were also chains for her own people. The author says that both the oppressor and the oppressed deserve freedom. The op- pressor is a prisoner of hatred. The oppressor and the oppressed have no humanity. They have no freedom. They take away each other’s freedom.
जब लेखक की स्वतन्त्रता कम कर दी गई। उसने इसे काफी महसूस किया। उसने देखा कि उसके भाई और बहनें स्वतन्त्र नहीं थे। वह अफ्रीकन नेशनल कांग्रेस में सम्मिलित हो गया। स्वतंत्रता के प्रति उसकी भूख उसके व्यक्तियों की स्वतंत्रता के लिए अधिकतर हो गई। यह शान और आत्म-सम्मान के साथ जीने की इच्छा थी। इसने उसे एक बहादुर व्यक्ति बना दिया। उसके अपने व्यक्तियों के लिए जंजीरें उसके लिए भी थीं। लेखक कहता है कि अत्याचारी और अत्याचार सहन करने वाले दोनों स्वतन्त्रता के अधिकारी होते हैं। अत्याचारी घृणा का कैदी होता है। अत्याचार करने वाले और सहन करने वाले के पास मानवता नहीं होती। उनके पास स्वतन्त्रता नहीं होती। वे एक-दूसरे की स्वतन्त्रता ले लेते हैं।